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Agriculture

Sowing Time of KHARIF CROPS OF ASSAM

Crop

Season/Zone/Variety

Sowing Time

RICE
(Oryza sativa L.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NORMAL AHU
(Summer rice)
(Direct seeded)

Seeds should be sown in March and April.

TRANSPLANTED NORMAL AHU (Summer rice)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sowing in Nursery Bed : Seed should be sown in nursery bed during March-April.


Time of transplanting :
Transplanting should be done during April-May.

SALI RICE
( Winter rice )

Seeds should be sown in March and April.

BAO RICE
( Deep Water Rice )

Sowing should be done during March – April.

MAIZE
(Zea mays )

(Zone Wise)

 

 

 

Lower Brahmaputra Valley Feb –April
Upper Brahmaputra Valley March-April
Central Brahmaputra Valley March- May
Lower Brahmaputra Valley Feb-April
Barak Valley March- May
Hills April- May
late plantation in Hills. July and August

FINGER MILLET (MARUA)
(Eleusine coracana )

  One month old seedlings are to be transplanted in the 1st week of September

BLACKGARM
(Vigna mungo)

  Mid August to mid September.
  Saonia mah mid July to mid August.

GREENGRAM
Vigna radiate

Mid August to Mid September Month of August for zones 3 and 6

COWPEA
(Vigna unquiculata )

  August

ARHAR
(Cajunus cajan)

  June – July.

SOYBEAN
(Glycine max)

(Zone Wise)

 

 

 

Upper Brahmaputra Valley May-June
Central Brahmaputra Valley May-June

Lower Brahmaputra Valley, Barak Valley

June-April
Hills Mid May-Mid June
North Bank Plain May-June

 SESAMUM
(Sesamum indicum)

July to first fortnight of August for phytophthora blight endemic areas.

  SUMMER SESAMUM

  First week of March to first week of April.

GROUNDNUT
(Arachis hypogaea )

 

  June – July.

RICE BEAN
(Vigna umbellate )

    Mid August  to mid September.
SUGARCANE
(Saccharum sp)

 

 

 

 

March is suitable for planting sugarcane (spring planting). Early planting (late January-February) is advisable where irrigation facilities are available. When autumn planting (October planting) is done it is necessary to put a companion crop of mustard (single row) in between cane rows. 

JUTE
(Corchorus Sp)

 

(Variety Wise)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

JRC 212 (Saubujsona) March to April
JRC 321(Sonali) Mid Feb. to April

UPC 94 (Reshma)

Mid Feb. to April

JRC 7447 (Shyamali)

March to April

JRO 524 (Navin)

Mid March to May
JRO 7835(Basudev) Mid March to May

JRO 632 (Baisakhtissa)

Mid April to May

Sel-2 (Bahagi)

Mid April to May

JUTE( Seed Crop )

 

  June for zone 3
  July and August for other zones.

MESTA ( Hibiscus sp)

 April – Mid May

COTTON
(Gossypium spp)

  July.

RAMIE
(Boehmeria Nivea (L) Gauda)

  May – September

 

DEENANATH GRASS
(Pennisetum pedicellatum )

  April to June.

HYBRID NAPIER
(Pennisetum purpureum)

  April to June.

COWPEA

(Vigna unquiculata)

and

RICE BEAN

(Vigna umbellate)

as Fodder

  April – May

MAIZE FODDER

(Zea mays)

  Before June.

TEOSINTE

(Euchlaena maxicana)

  April to June.
SETARIA GRASS   April to June.
APICULTURE

(Bee Keeping)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rearing Season :  Seeds or colonies are normally available during spring i.e. February to March as this is a peak-breeding season of the honeybees. Colonies can be collected from the natural sources or may be procured from the beekeepers. Rearing can be started with three or four frame worker bee having one year mated queen. During winter (December to January) and in spring (February to March) are the best seasons to start beekeeping.

CULTIVATION OF MILKY MUSHROOM,
Calocybe indica

May to September

 

CULTIVATION OF WHITE BUTTON MUSHROOM,
Agaricus bisporus

The cropping period is December and January
CULTIVATION OF PADDY STRAW MUSHROOM,
Volvarella volvacea

 

May to September. The month of August supports maximum production. The optimum range of temperature is 280 to 350C.

 



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